Until 1831, Bengaluru slumbered in the shadow of its neighbouring city Mysore. When the British took control over the local kingdom they moved the capital to Bengaluru, upgrading its infrastructure in the process with fine colonial buildings, roads, rail connections and wonderful parks and gardens. The city was then known as Bangalore, a name still in common usage, but is now officially known as Bengaluru once again. It is the state capital of Karnataka and is still called the 'Garden City' due to its leafy avenues and quiet suburbs.
Bengaluru was the first city in India to become electrified, and has ever since retained the cachet of being India's most technologically modern and progressive city. It is also quite literally one of the country's coolest cities, with an average temperature far lower than the scorching plains of the surrounding region. Among other advantages Bengaluru enjoys are noticeably cleaner streets and a generally calmer and less frenetic atmosphere than other Indian cities.
Bengaluru is well known as the centre of India's IT and telecommunications industries, and thus attracts professionals from all over India and abroad. The influx of Westerners and knowledge-workers, coupled with the rise in affluence, have made this India's most modern and secular city; often its residents have relaxed and refreshingly liberal attitudes by Indian standards that many find appealing, but others find scandalous.
Bengaluru is perhaps best described as the face of modern India, a fast-developing and charming city with a lot of potential.