Chiloé is South America's largest island, 112 miles (180km) long and 37 miles (60km) wide. It is a wild and beautiful place but also one of Chile's poorest areas, with most of the populace scratching a living out of farming or fishing. It has rich folkloric traditions though, and a wealth of mythology that has contributed to Chilean literature, involving trolls, sea monsters and ghost ships. Another mark of the unique Chilote culture is the distinctive craftwork that is produced, especially that made from wool.
The island's rich heritage is evident in its unique architecture: the forested countryside is scattered with more than 150 wooden churches dating back more than two centuries; the estuaries are lined with quaint palafitos (stilted houses); and the small towns feature wooden shingled buildings. Most of the Chilotes live within sight of the sea and scenes of colourful wooden boats are commonly visible through the rain and mist. Seafood is a prominent part of daily life here and the morning's freshest catch is always available at local restaurants and markets.
Known for damp weather and spooky folklore that is perfectly suited to the island's misty beauty, Chiloé balances wild nature with the warmth of its people and their culture. As it is still largely an unknown destination, a visit to the island offers adventurous travellers an authentic and unique experience of Chile, especially in the main town Castro, or in the wonderful national park on the pacific coast, Parque Nacional Chiloé.