Located in the Eastern Cape, this former Bantustan was once officially called the Transkei. Many South Africans still know it by that name. Historically speaking, a Bantustan was set aside exclusively for a black ethnic group during apartheid. Ostensibly, it was to be governed independently by its population.
The region has a tumultuous and sad political history and remains a mostly rural area. Poverty is still rife. However, it is an area of spectacular natural beauty that is popular with adventurous travellers looking for an experience of unspoilt landscapes and authentic rural culture.
The main attraction is the Wild Coast, which, as the name suggests, is remarkably undeveloped. It has near pristine stretches of coastline where rolling hills, grassland, and forest grow right onto the beach.
Accommodation tends to be rustic, with the most famous venues being isolated camping and backpacking communities. This makes the Transkei an ideal South African destination for young budget travellers and backpackers. It is also a wonderful surfing destination, with some gorgeous surf breaks that are never crowded and often kept secret. Travellers must watch out for sharks, though.
East London is a good starting point for a journey into the Transkei. There are a few tour operators offering bus services through the region, but apart from this, the only way to get around is by hiring a car and road tripping.
Travellers should bear in mind that although this is a wonderful way to explore, the infrastructure is awful and the roads can be really challenging, with animals such as cows, donkeys, and dogs crossing the streets, huge potholes, and virtually no signposts. For confident drivers, this is all part of the adventure. But travellers shouldn't expect to get anywhere fast in the Transkei.